Who invented the printing press? If you are a good researcher and have drawn your attention to school, as we all did, at least later, the answer was probably Johan Gothenburg. At least that’s the answer you should give, otherwise this article will pay little attention.
The fact is that in the first part that revealed something, Johann Gothenburg invented only a certain type of press. He did not invent the first. To find out who invented the first press, you have to go a bit east.
In the Far East, China, to be precise, many things have appeared, many Westerners forget them comfortably. It was 1040 and Bi Sheng was accredited with the invention of the first mobile press. Do it with porcelain components. It remained in use for about two hundred years, when it was shipped to Korea, where it was also used until it was improved. They invented metal presses around 1230 during the Koryo dynasty. This may not be very happy for the Chinese. They are a kind of Korean rule. They saw it as a province of China. Your anger should really be that the counties of Yukales are of your intelligent technological understanding.
We must go further if we find examples of the oldest impressions. The block indicates the date before the date of printing (based on a known online encyclopedia) and the date prior to the year 627. It has been widely used, with examples found in the Far East and Europe. It was used primarily for photos, although the Chinese, in my opinion, want something more practical to write and, therefore, develop the porcelain press.
Our friend, the German sculptor Gothenburg, occupies the third rank in the print hierarchy, which reaches 1440. 400 years after the invention of the Chinese. Compensates for its deceleration with a special alloy of lead, tin and antimony (an interesting metal if you look at it). The new press has made the books more robust and of better quality than those previously printed. A special matrix was also used to create a new block type. Gutenberg seems to have too much, because in addition to all the above, he also found time to falsify the use of inks and use a new oil-based ink to replace the water-based water used at this time. One can only assume that he led a lonely life.
After the invention of Gothenburg became a major and profitable journalist, people suddenly discovered that if they did not pay attention, they stole ideas and claimed that they were theirs. Thus, laws on the protection of intellectual property are born of intellectual property rights. They come from the big to the crooked, and the new ones have to think of their frustration.
In 1812, two other Germans, Friedrich König and Andreas Friedrich Bauer, invented the steam press. You can print more than 1000 copies per page per hour, while Gothenburg Press can produce 240 copies. That does not seem to stop the Germans. At that moment, they would appropriate the world of printing presses.
Fortunately for us, the United States has not tolerated this ubiquitous and ubiquitous kind of behavior. In 1833, Richard Moi Hui invented a rotary printing machine. This press not only had thousands of copies, but it drew millions every day. You can always count on Americans to increase their size.
At that point, it was possible that someone (maybe the Germans, or even the Americans, or even the Chinese or that my researches are not concerned by my research) has reduced the size of the press to be able to use in smaller jobs. Coincidentally, it was public relations. It was used for business cards, letters, envelopes, etc. Commercial printers were born and a completely new labor market was opened.
Today, we use offset printing machines, mainly in combination with lithography. It is a rubber mat, water and oil are somehow pushed back, which allows to obtain an image quality always superior. It is technical
It was, to some extent, a range from boulders to high-tech rubber sheets, oil and water. It was a world trip in which everyone helped make the writing available instantly.